Medical Compression and Edema
- Edema is a bodily response to an injury or a trauma, but it can also be a symptom of much bigger diseases, such as heart failure or kidney disease.
- Edema is swelling caused by fluid that builds up in a tissue. Luckily, compression garment can deal with edema that developed on extremities, which is the most common form of edema.
- Some of the factors that can contribute to developing edema are pregnancy, heart disease, and kidney disease.
Pregnancy and Edema
Edema in pregnancy occurs because of the pressure of your uterus on the vena cava (a vein that is responsible for returning blood to your heart from the lower limbs) and the pelvic veins. This is when bodily fluid increase and collect in the tissue around your feet, arms, and ankles causing swelling. Edema in pregnancy occurs somewhere between the 20th and 30th week of pregnancy and mostly lasts until you give birth.
Compression socks can reduce a lot of problems during pregnancy. It is hard for the legs and feet to support the new body weight and to deal with hormones. Compression socks will help minimize the side-effect of hormonal disbalance that causes feet to swell, and to get tired.
For a more detailed cover of this topic, check out the article that we wrote on Pregnancy and Edema.
Heart disease and Edema
Edema is often associated with right-sided heart failure. Edema is not an early symptom of this disease, and compression socks cannot treat it, but they can help reduce the pain caused by edema in legs.
For a more detailed cover of this topic, check out the article that we wrote on Heart disease and Edema.
Kidney disease and Edema in Legs
Edema in the legs can also be a sign of kidney disease. When kidneys stop working properly, they stop processing the waste and toxins from the body. That is when these wastes and unnecessary fluid start to build up in the legs and cause swelling and edema.
For a more detailed cover of this topic, check out the article that we wrote on Kidney disease and Edema.
Medical Compression and Chronic venous insufficiency
Chronic venous insufficiency happens when blood pools in the veins and cannot get back to the heart. When vessels stop working properly, blood begins to leak backward instead upward to the heart, causing the pooling. The pooling is also known as stasis.
Compression socks can help the veins to pump the blood back to the heart and to stop the pooling. For this condition, stronger compression might be needed, but it all depends on the severity of the condition.
Medical Compression and Varicose veins
- Varicose veins can happen to anyone – the elderly, the pregnant women, the athletes, and just anyone. This condition can cause pain and discomfort and limit our physical activity. Slow blood flow causes our body to keep more toxins, influencing badly on our overall state.
- With compression socks, we can improve our blood flow, help our body gain more strength.
Why should the Elderly wear Compression Socks?
- Varicose veins happen in 20% of elderly people. Less activity and slowed down motion in a combination of slower and less functional circulation can develop varicose veins.
- People with varicose veins and elderly people with poor blood flow usually wear socks even during a hot day, because they suffer from cold feet. Instead of wearing wool socks, or normal socks, they should turn to compression socks.
- Compression material helps the blood to stay in motion which improves the overall life quality even if we are not capable of leading a physically active life.
For a more detailed cover of this topic, check out the article that we wrote on Why Elderly should wear Compression Socks.
Medical Compression and Deep vein thrombosis
- Compression socks are considered one of the best prevention to deep vein thrombosis. This is because they promote healthy blood flow and thus prevent clots and retention. If you consider yourself at risk of developing deep vein thrombosis, considering medical-grade compression stocking might be a good idea.
Medical Compression and Lymphedema
- The benefits of Compression socks on Lymphedema are numerous. They help deal with heaviness in the legs, minimize the swelling, and improve blood flow.
Medical Compression and Phlebitis
- Phlebitis is a superficial vein inflammation that can be treated with drugs and compression garments. By lifting the legs, or wearing compression stocking, we improve our vein function and can reduce all problems of that kind.
Medical Compression and Pregnancy
- Compression socks during pregnancy are essential. Pregnancy carries a lot of difficulties on the body, especially on our legs. Walking and physical activity are limited, and our overall functioning slows down, so it could focus on the growing fetus.
- The pressure that is put on legs and the bladder can restrict blood from coming to our lower limbs, causing pain, cold feet, and edema.
Compression garments help our body stabilize the blood flow and the motion of bodily fluids. This way we are preventing or minimizing the swelling, fluid retention, and varicose veins, which are all a quite common side-effect of pregnancy.
For a more detailed cover of this topic, check out the article that we wrote on Compression Socks during Pregnancy.