DVT is a medical condition that occurs when a blood clot forms in a vein deep inside your body. A blood clot is a clump of blood that is turned into a solid state, thus making normal blood circulation slower. Deep vein blood clots usually form in the lower part of the legs, the calf or thigh, but could be found in other parts of the body.
It is a common situation that DVT symptoms do not occur to all the people having this condition. People who have upper extremity DVT, or a blood clot in the arm, many times do not experience symptoms and do not find out about their condition until they’ve gone through emergency treatment for pulmonary embolism (blood clot in the lungs).
The most common lower extremities DVT symptoms include:
- Cramps & sudden pain in the legs (calf or thigh)
- Swelling in the leg or ankle
- Feeling of warmness in the swollen parts of the leg
- The skin color of the affected area turning pale or reddish/bluish
The most common upper extremities DVT symptoms include:
- Shoulder & neck pain
- Swelling in the hands or arms
- Weakness in the hands
It is of big importance to listen to your body and not ignore symptoms in the early phase. Making the right choices in the early phases of clot development can drastically change the potential course of this condition.
In the normal bloos flow case, blood is in a liquid state and is freely flowing through the veins. The forming of blood cloth is not the unusual behavior of the blood cells and it is preventing blood from properly circulating in the body. Clotting occurs for several reasons such as:
- The longer period of inactivity – having a sedentary job or being in a state of reduced mobility for some reason, makes your blood flow in the legs slower. This can also cause development of a blood cloth
- Medical conditions – some medical conditions and also some medicaments can make you more prone to developing a blood cloth
- Injuries & post-surgery conditions – blood vessel’s wall damage blocks the normal blood flow and that can also be the cause of cloth development
- Inherited clotting disorder, such as factor V Leiden mutation
Compression stockings are friends of the veins and legs affected by DVT in any phase and severity level of the condition. Nevertheless, the biggest effect can be achieved in the early phase of cloth development while the symptoms are still mild.
The combination of wearing compression stocking while walking and keeping your legs elevated while sitting can do a lot for you if the vein condition is not in the advanced stage. With blood cloths, it is better to have shorter walks during the day than one long walk. While sitting and resting, it is good to keep your legs elevated.
The force of gravitation, besides keeping us on the ground, also makes our blood pool in the lower part of our legs if we have our feet on the ground all day. To beat the gravitation, at least, its potential negative effect, we should put our legs up on the chair or stool to make our blood flow back to our upper body parts again.
To be able to react timely and recognize that you suffer from DVT or related vein problems, it is good to be familiar with risk factors that make you more prone to developing this condition. Risk factors worth noting are:
- Smoking heavily
- Not being physically active & being overweighted
- Having a family history of DVT
- Having a bone fracture or some kind of injury that affects the veins
- Undergoing hormone therapy for a longer period
Although this condition is something that people live with for many years, it can impact the quality of life and day-to-day wellbeing. And sometimes, it can even be fatal. Thus it is best to deal with it in the context of prevention by making a few, but significant lifestyle changes.
If you have a sedentary job, introduce a habit of coming to the office by feet, and having a walk on your way home. You can also stretch and move your legs while sitting now and then to stimulate your circulation. It is also advisable not to wear very tight clothes that can restrict the proper blood flow.
Giving up smoking, losing excess weight, and being physically active cut the big deal of risk when it comes to vein problems. It is important to note that a lot can be achieved with these lifestyle changes if they are practiced regularly.
But.. if you missed the first chance to take better care of yourself, visiting the doctor should be your first choice. Doctors diagnose the condition based on several analyses and the medical history of the patient. The common tests include ultrasound, venogram, and D-dimer test. Ultrasound uses sound waves to create a picture of arteries and veins to see how blood flows through them. If there is a clotting process, the picture will show interrupted blood flow and that would be the right indication that something is going wrong.
A venogram is an additional method available for the diagnosis of blood clotting. The method implies that the dye is injected into the vein that is suspected to have a cloth. Then An X-ray is taken over the area where the dye is injected. The dye makes veins more visible, so an X-ra y screening almost always shows if the cloth is present. And finally, D-dimer is a blood marker that measures the presence of a substance that’s released when a blood clot breaks apart. Having an elevated D-dimer level is related to the formation and breakdown of the blood clot in the body. Elevated D Dimer is also a red flag indicating that something is going on with your blood and veins.
No need to panic, knowledge of the facts is necessary for living a good and healthy life. So now, when you are armed with knowledge, consider what are the changes that you can implement in your life to make you stay as healthy as possible as long as possible! Visit our shop to see more about how medical-grade compression wear from Skineez can help you on a journey to a better and healthier life.